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ManChem’s COVID-19 Resource Centre

Syndrome Coronavirus 2’ (SARS-CoV-2) was confirmed as the causative agent of what we now know as ‘Coronavirus Disease 2019’ (COVID-19).

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COVID-19 Resource Centre

What is COVID-19?

Human Coronaviruses are common throughout the world. There are many different coronaviruses identified in animals but only a small number of these can cause disease in humans.

  • On 7 January 2020, ‘Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus 2’ (SARS-CoV-2) was confirmed as the causative agent of ‘Coronavirus Disease 2019’ or COVID-19.
  • The majority of the case-patients initially identified were dealers and vendors at a seafood, poultry and live wildlife market in China.
  • Since then, the virus has spread to more than 100 countries, including South Africa.

Who is Most at Risk?

People of all ages can be infected by the coronavirus. Older people, and people with pre-existing medical conditions (such as asthma, diabetes, heart disease) appear to be more vulnerable to becoming severely ill with the virus.

Don’t panic

  • There is no need to panic – data to date suggest that 80% of infections are mild or asymptomatic.
  • 15% are severe infection, requiring oxygen.
  • 5% are critical infections, requiring ventilation and need intensive care.
  • The vast majority of people can stay at home and get better without hospital treatment.


The most common symptoms are:

  • Cough
  • Fever
  • Sore throat
  • Shortness of breath
  • Fatigue

Preventative tips

  • Wear a face mask in public.
  • Wash your hands regularly with soap or an alcohol-based hand sanitizer.
  • Avoid touching your eyes, nose, and mouth with unwashed hands.
  • Avoid close contact with people who are sick.
  • Cover your cough or sneeze with a flexed elbow or a tissue, then throw the tissue in the bin.
  • Clean and disinfect frequently touched objects and surfaces.